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SAMOSARAN (Dharam Sabha)

The concept of Samosaran – just like Tirthankar-nam-karan – is only available in Jainism and not in any other religion.

The creation of samosaran is done by four kinds of Dev (Gods) when a Tirthankar attains Keval Gyan (Complete knowledge). The shape of samosaran is either round or even square. It is of about 8 miles i.e. approx. of 1 yojan. This immensely beautiful development is done so that all and sundry on Earth, sky, water can hear the Tirthankar’s speech when they attain keval gyan.

Description of samosaran

First Gad (first floor)

The God of wind clears the ground from all the stones, pebbles, thorns, etc., vaiyantra dev make a platform of samosaran out of gold and jewels. Out of the three floors (gad) of Samosaran the first one is prepared by bhuvan pati devta. They prepare it by silver and decorate the borders by gold. To reach this floor there are 10,000 steps from the ground in each four directions. Each step is approximately one hand in width and one hand in height. And here humans and gods who come to hear the Tirthankara keep their vehicles.

Each of the four directions have a door and two gate-mans (dwarpals) are at each door. At one side of these door there is a pond of water. That means, in total , there are four doors in four direction, eight dwarpals – two at each door, 40,000 steps and in the first floor of the samosaran.

Second Gad (second floor)

This floor is made by jyotish devta (God of Astrology). This floor is made up of gold and borders are decorated with jewels. To reach this floor there are 5,000 steps each in four directions and just similar to the first step, it has four doors and a pond of water. At the doors of this floor there are goddesses in place of dwarpals at each door. In four corners of this floor there are speacial arrangement and seats (sinhasan) for the Gods to be seated. In this floor birds and animals all sit together forgetting about their enmity. Cat and rat, lion and goat all sit together and go spellbound by the words of the lord. Such is the specialty of this floor.

Third Gad (third floor) 

The third floor is prepared by vaiyamanik devta. They prepare this floor with jewels and decorate its borders with Mani. To reach this floor there are 5,000 steps each in four directions and just similar to the first step, it has four doors and a pond of water. At the

Doors devtas (Gods) stand in the form of gate-mans. At this part vayantar devta prepare a throne of jewels along with a mat to keep feet’s. Tirthankar himself come and sit on the throne facing East. As soon Lord takes his place three look-alikes of him automatically take their position in the other three directions. These are basically the idols of his which are created so that everybody feels that they visualizing the ultimate knowledge. At this floor Gods who prepare the sabha, goddesses, sadhu, sadhvi’s shravik and shraviks’ take their place.

The tree under which Tirthankara sit is Ashok Tree, which is about twelve times higher than the height of The Tirthankars. By the sides of the lord are one – one server carrying a fan made up of cotton threads (Chamar). On top of the head of lord are three inverted umbrellas (chatars). There is enlightened glow on the head of the Lord. He enters from the East and takes tree rounds of the tree and after saying ‘namo tithas’ takes his seat to the throne.

Lords gives his valuable words twice in a day and each session is 3 hours long. His words are in prakrit language (very old Indian form of dialect). But such is the effect of his words that each and everybody understands it in his or her own language.

This is how a samosaran is created. It is no doubt no more formed because there is no Tirthankara in this part of kal chakra – this Ara. But it is still formed in Mahavidya Kshetra – where 20 tirthankaras always remain. One can find a look alike of samosaran in every Jain Mandir made up of  silver and being worshiped by the followers of the religion.


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