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SADHU DHARAM - As believed in Jainism

To lead a life according to the ideals and norms of Jainisim is ritual of Jainisim. A life which means being in right knowledge , right Vision and right conduct is Jainism. It is only through right knowledge and right Karam that one can get 'Moksh'. So It is the right rituals performed , which can kill our bad karams and show us the path of 'Moksh'.
'Ritual' is also known as 'Dharam'. In Jainisim 'Rituals' are divided into two parts 'Anagar' and Agaar.

Anagar - a complete independence from home, family, materialistic things, love, affection, leisure, etc., complete devotion on the path of Moksh is Anagar dharam- the one followed by Sadhus and Sadhvis.

In this ritual or Dharam there are five Mahavarts of Sadhus (meaning very big fasts)

(1) Ahinsa (Pranatipat Varat)- A Sadhu should not give any harm to any other person by his speech, by his actions or even by thoughts. In other words - Complete non - voilence is one of the major Mahavarat which a Sadhu has to follow.

(2) Truth (Mrishavaad varat) - Second Mahavarat of Sadhu is to always follow the path of truth. He has to be truthful by heart and by soul, in his speech and in his conduct. He even has to see that no one else tells a lie for him i.e. not to say and not let to say lie.

(3) Non-Stealing (Achorya or Adhmadaan Varat) - A Sadhu does not, by any means, steals any thing nor lets anybody steal for him. He is absolutely against stealing from deep within and preaches the lesson of non - stealing to his followers.

(4) Bhramcharya (Maithun Varat) - A Sadhu has to follow a path of purity in thoughts, actions and speech. He has to be a bhramcharya and remain like that throughout his life span. He also inspires others to follow the path of bhramchraya. No female is allowed to come near a sadhu or a real sadhu does not allow any female to come near him. If a female wants to ask something from sadhu she has to ask it from a distance and in the presence of everybody, not alone.

(5) Non-Attachment (Parigrah Varat) - A Sadhu should not have any attachment with his family or relatives. He has to become totally detached form worldly relations. There is no father for Him and no mother for him, no sister and no brother. He teaches his disciples not to remain attached with their homes.

These are the five major or big rituals a Sadhu has to perform according to Jain Philosophy.

Some special Rules to be observed by the Jaina Sanits (Sadhus).

¢ A Jaina muni does not warm his body with fire even through the wheather may be severely cold. Similarly during the summer months he does not provide himself with the cooling effects of air set on motion through a fan.

¢ The Jaina Saints do not drink water at night even though their throats be parched with thirst during the hot summer.

¢ They do not take alcohol or any other intoxicating food or drink.

¢ They never take their food in the houses of the house holders and in the latter's utensils.

¢ They accept food and water, by begging, in untensils made up of wood or in earthen pots. They,in, fact fo not keep any utensils made up of steel or of any other metal with them.They take clothes too by begging and only then when they need them. A jaina sadhu can not accept food, in begging, from a person who has touched raw water, fire, raw vegetables and the like. He also can not accept food from a woman who may be breast feeding her baby or from a women who may be pregnant or from any person who feels pain in sitting and getting up.

¢ They do not accept any gift from anybody of money (currency).

¢ Except for a period of four months of the rainy season when a jaina monk stays at one place he goes on moving from one place to the other, conveniently during the rest of the 8 months of the year not staying more than a period of 29 days at any given place.

¢ The jaina munis do not make use of any mode of conveyance. They do not use any shoes, sandals, boots, chappals socks or any other kind of footwear. They do not use even an umbrella to save themselves from the trouble of scorching heat for the sun and from that of rain.

¢ The jaina monks do not touch a female human body even if that be of a baby. Similarly the jaina nuns do not touch the body of any male human being even through he might be an infant. Thus, they observe complete continence (brahmacaryapalana).

¢ The jaina monks (as well as nuns) do not cut their hair or shave with the help of scissors or a blade. They pick and pull all their hair of the head as well as beared and mousraches one by one with their own habds. This activity among the jainas is known as 'Locan Kriya' (the activity of hair-pulling)'which is a must for everyone of the monks and nun atleast once a yeasr before the feswtival of the new year.

¢ The jaina munis keep with them a dusting broom (Rajoharana) for the protection of the living beings. The Digambara jaina monks keep with them the feathers of percocks for the purpose. The Sthanakvasi and the Terapanthi monks tie a piece pf cloth (mukhavastrika) over their mouths (so that the small germs or living beings are not hurt by them through the process of breathing or speaking etc.) The image worshipping (murtipujaka) Svetambara jain monks keep their mukhavastrika in their hands.

¢ No Jaina muni (or sadhvi) keeps with himself (or herself) any money (whether in small currency or notes) or ornaments etc.

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