Namo Arihantanam: I bow
down to Arihanta,
ARIHANTAS (the color of Arihantas is white)
term Arihanta is made up of Ari, meaning enemies, and
meaning destroyer. Consequently, Arihanta means
destroyer of enemies. Enemies such as anger, greed,
enemies, which defile the true nature of the soul. Only
a person with human body can become a Tirthankara. A
soul can only reach the state of Arihanta by overcoming
all its inner enemies. Arihantas are divided into two
categories: Tirthankar and Ordinary. Arihantas who have
attained Tirthankar NämKarma become Tirthankaras while
the rest of them become Ordinary Arihants. There are
twenty-four Tirthankaras during every half time cycle.
Siddhanam: I bow down to Siddha,
SIDDHAS (the color of Siddhas is red)
Siddhas are liberated souls. They have reached the
salvation, and have attained Moksha. They have paid all
dues of their karmas, thus
freeing themselves forever from the cycle of birth and
death (AkshayaSthiti). This state of freedom is called
Moksha. They know and perceive everything in total
is happening now, that has happened in the past, and
happen in the future all at the same time.
question can arise "If Siddhas are the highest state
then why do we bow to Arihantas first and then to the
answer is "we do so because the Siddhas were not present
to speak to the people and tell them the right way. It
is the arihantas or the Tirthankaras who tell the people
the right way to move to. Arihantas tell about the
Siddhas. Without Arihantas nobody can know about the
Siddhas. So, being this He is bowed first.
Namo Ayriyanam: I bow
down to Acharya,
ACHARYAS (the color of Acharyas is yellow)
spiritual leaders are called Acharyas. They carry out
the message of Jina, Lord Mahävira the last Tirthankara.
The responsibility of the spiritual welfare of the
entire Jain Samaj rests on their shoulders. They are the
persons whom the almighty selects themselves.
in-depth study Jain Agams, having high level of
spiritual excellence, ability to lead the monastic
communion, knowledge of various languages of the
country, a sound knowledge of
philosophies, ideologies, and religions of the region
and the world makes a Acharya.
Namo Uvajjhayanam: I bow
down to Upadhyaya,
UPADHYAYAS (the color of Upadhyayas is green)
Upadhyayas are those Sädhus who have acquired a special
knowledge of the Jain scriptures (Agams). They teach
Jain scriptures to deserving aspirants, including sädhus
Namo Loe Savva-sahunam: I
bow down to Sadhu and Sadhvi.
AND SADHVIS (their color is dark purple - near to black)
person who renounces the worldly life is called a monk
and a female is called a nun or sadhvi. This person
become detached from the worldly aspects of life (Moah
and Maya) and spends entire life in spiritual upliftment.
The newly initiated sadhu or sadhvi adopts five major
1) Observance of Ahimsa
2) Observance of Satya (truth)
3) Observance of Asteya
4) Observance of Brahamcharya
5) Observance of Aparigraha
do not eat before sunrise or after sunset. They drink
only boiled water. They walk bare feet. They do not stay
in one place for a longer time. They do not touch any
person of opposite sex. They are not a social workers.
worldly person like you and me this seems a difficult
rather an impossible job. This is a reason Jain Sashus
and Sadhvis are very rare personalities.
Eso Panch Namokaro: These
five bowing downs,
Destroy all the sins,
Amongst all that is auspicious,
Padhamam Havei Mangalam:
This Navkar Mantra is the foremost.)
The first five lines are the
mantra and next four lines are the result of enchanting
the above lines.
till date nobody can change the pattern of these lines.
Even If we put 'shri' or
'ohm' in between the lines,
Like - 'Ohm namo arihanta
the effect of the mantra
gets changed. If one wants to bear the fruits of the
mantra in this very life span, then ‘OHM’ is added.
Navkar Mantra is the most fundamental (mulya) mantra of
Jains. There is no particular time of the
day to recite it. Any time is a suitable time for the
recitation of the Navkar mantra and also any place is
suitable, but yes our mind and heart should be pure. It
has been considered that while reciting the Navkar
Mantra, we bows with respect to all the Arihantas,
Siddhas, Ächäryäs, Upädhyäyas, Sädhus, and Sädhvi, and
not to any particular one. This enables him to remember
virtues of all the supreme spiritual people instead of
just one particular person. With each line of the mantra
the aspirant makes a way for the impurities in his inner
self to move out and virtues of these spiritual people
move in. This makes a process to purify himself, at
least for that very time period.
mantra is a bow down to these supreme spiritual
personalities, and therefore, it is also called Namaskär
or Namokär Mantra.
Navkär Mantra contains the essence of Jainism. It was,
is, and will remain the Mulya Mantra of Jainism. Also
known as ‘MAHA MANTRA’